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Bipolar Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a condition where emotions are hard to control. People with BPD often feel emotions very strongly and for a long time, making it tough to get back to a stable emotional state after something upsets them.

This emotional turmoil can lead to impulsive actions, an unstable self-image, rocky relationships, and intense reactions to stress. Some individuals may even harm themselves, like cutting.

Who’s Affected?
Prevalence: BPD affects approximately 1.6% of the adult U.S. population or about 5 million people.

Gender: Women are more likely to be diagnosed with BPD than men, but recent research suggests that men may be equally impacted by the disorder. However, men may be more likely to be misdiagnosed with other conditions, such as PTSD or depression.

Data collected: Government agencies, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

Common BPD Symptoms:

  • Trying hard to avoid being abandoned by loved ones.
  • Relationships that swing between seeing someone as perfect or awful, are known as “splitting.”
  • An unstable self-image, affects moods, values, opinions, goals, and relationships.
  • Impulsive behaviors, like reckless spending, risky sex, or substance use.
  • Self-harming actions or thoughts of suicide.
  • Periods of intense sadness, irritability, or anxiety.
  • Feeling constantly bored or empty.
  • Uncontrollable anger, often followed by guilt.
  • Moments of feeling disconnected from yourself or having paranoid thoughts, especially when stressed.

Causes of BPD:
While the exact cause isn’t known, it’s likely a mix of genetics, traumatic life events, and differences in brain function.

Diagnosing BPD:
There’s no single test for BPD. Diagnosis is based on clinical interviews and discussions with previous healthcare providers, along with input from friends and family.

Ways to treat BPD:
Effective treatment is individualized and may include psychotherapy, medications, and support groups. The goal is for people with BPD to become more self-directed in their treatment.

  • Psychotherapy: Different types of talk therapy, like dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and psychodynamic therapy, can help with emotional control.
  • Medications: While there’s no specific medication for BPD, some drugs can help manage certain symptoms, like mood swings and dysphoria.
  • Short-Term Hospitalization: In extreme situations, hospitalization may be needed for safety.

Many people with BPD also have other mental health issues like anxiety, PTSD, bipolar disorder, depression, eating disorders, or substance use disorders. Treating these alongside BPD requires a comprehensive approach to care. At AIGAS, we’re here to provide comprehensive support for individuals on their journey to well-being.